Christmas, TB Seals, Easter Seals, Boys Town Seals, and other Charity Seals.
Saturday, September 10, 2016
1907 U.S. Christmas Seal
TB Charity Seals in the United States were issued by various local and national societies. The first TB Charity Seal in the United States was issued by the Delaware Chapter of the American Red Cross. First issued in 1907 to save a small tuberculosis hospital in the State of Delaware. Thereafter, the seals were issued at Christmas by the American National Red Cross (ARC) 1908-1919, the National Tuberculosis Association (NTA) 1920-1967, the National Tuberculosis and Respiratory Disease Association (NTRDA) 1968-1972, and the American Lung Association (ALA) 1973- present. Christmas TB Seals are TB Charity Seals which were and are issued at Christmas. U.S. Christmas TB Seals are identified by Green's Catalog of the Tuberculosis Seals of the World, Part 1, U.S. National
Christmas Seals, and Scott Catalog numbers. History
Charity seals: Stamp-like adhesive labels that are distributed by a charity in exchange for a donation. They have no postal validity, although they are often affixed to envelopes. U. S. Easter Seals, Boys Town Seals, various Catholic Charities, and Jewish National Seals are examples of charity seals issued by U.S. based charities.
Odder Charity Seals, and Aalborg Charity Seals, are examples of charity seals issued by Denmark based charities. Barns Dag Kumla, and Swedish Advent Charity Seals are examples of charity seals issued by Sweden based societies. Norwegian Seaman's Fund, Norwegian Blue Cross, Norwegian Help Fund Charity Seals, and Norwegian Advent Seals are issued by societies in Norway. Further, The charity seals issued by the Rotary Club of Kopavogs, Iceland, is an example of a seal from a charity based in Iceland.
TB Charity Seals: Charity Seals which were issued to support sanatoriums, or for anti-tuberculosis campaigns. The use of TB Charity Seals began in Denmark and other Scandinavian countries beginning in 1904. In the United States, the Red Cross issued seals to fund anti-tuberculosis campaigns and sanatoriums beginning in 1907. They were soon issued by various societies to support anti-TB campaigns in states, counties, and for public and private hospitals and sanitariums.
TB Charity Seals were also issued world-wide in countries such as: Canada, Mexico, Great Britain, Australia, Argentina, Bermuda, Brazil, France, Germany, Hong Kong, India, Italy, Japan, Korea, Philippines, Portugal, Singapore, South Africa, Syria, Thailand, Venezuela, and Zimbabwe.
Cross of Lorraine: The red double-barred cross is known as the international symbol for the crusade against Tuberculosis and appears on most all known Christmas and anti-TB Charity Seals. If you are unsure as to the type of charity seals, look for this symbol. Since the early TB Charity Seals were issued by the Red Cross, the Red Cross symbol will appear on those seals, instead of the Cross of Lorraine. A red crescent is often used on TB Charity Seals issued in the Middle East.
Christmas TB Charity Seals: TB Charity Seals which were issued near, at, or for Christmas and have Christmas themes. Since these TB Seals were issued near Christmas and have Christmas themes, they have also become known as Christmas Seals. We classify them as Christmas TB Charity Seals, or simply Christmas TB Seals.
TB Charity Seals issued nationally in the United States and Canada are examples of Christmas TB Seals. We differentiate Christmas TB Charity Seals using the Green's Catalog of the TB Seals of the World:
1) Christmas TB Charity Seals issued nationally in the U.S. - U.S. Christmas Seals
2) Christmas TB Charity Seals issued by U.S. local societies in support of sanatoriums - U.S. TB Christmas Seals
3) Christmas TB Charity Seals issued by societies in foreign countries - Christmas TB Seals
Spring TB Charity Seals: TB Charity Seals which were issued near, at, or for Easter and have Spring, or nature themes. Since these TB Charity Seals were issued near Easter and have Spring, or nature themes, they have also become known as Spring TB Charity Seals. We call them Spring TB Seals, or simply Spring Charity Seals. We classify them as Charity Seals.
We differentiate Spring TB Charity Seals using the Green's Catalog of the TB Seals of the World:
1) Spring TB Charity Seals issued nationally in the U.S. - U.S. Spring Charity Seals
2) Spring TB Charity Seals issued by societies in foreign countries - Foreign Spring Charity Seals
Many Christmas Seal collectors prefer mounting their collection on blank pages, rather than use White Ace album pages. We have added a new item to our store which should please collectors who wish to use blank pages.
Christmas Seal Album Pages, Blank. Christmas Seal Album Pages, blank, package of fifteen (15) sheets. All that is required is the addition of seals, and an album cover. Design your own placment of your seals. The headings and borders are in full color. Printed on heavy, acid-free 67# cardstock, with rounded corners. Printed on one side. Standard 81/2x11 inch 3 ring punched. Cream or White. Saint Crispen Publishing.
The pages are acid-free, a feature which will enable collectors to affix their collection by either mounts or hinges to the pages, with minimum concern to deterioration.
The 67# cardstock is heavier than normal paper with rounded corners which prevents corner curling.
Just add a binder of your choice and you are ready to proudly display your collection to others.
The 2011 U.S. Christmas Seals are now listed in our store. Currently, we are offering four sheet varieties. One national sheet and three test sheets.
The 2011-1x, 2011 U.S. Christmas Seals, Sheet of 56, VF, MNH. Sheet of 56 (8x7) without gift tags, margin on 4 sides, "Fighting for Air." Dated 2011 with "R12-CSCS-4-01 in bottom margin. Seal size: 17x24mm. Silver margin scans much darker than actual color. This sheet is distributed nationally.
History of Christmas Seals on the reverse of sheet.
There are various ways to collect Christmas Seals. Many collectors just collect one seal from each year, while others collect the seals yearly, in the format, as required by the descriptions in the Scott, or Green's Catalogs.
This post will discuss collecting Christmas Seals in full sheets, by the decade, one sheet for each year, without concern for printer's marks, perforations, or other factors. As your collection grows, you can easily branch out, and include sheets by printer's mark for each year, or concentrate on other characteristics of the seals.
An example collection would be that of the Christmas Seals that were issued from 1940-49. The 1940-49 Christmas Seals, sheets are F-VF, full gum, MNH. There are ten (10) full sheets of 100, one (1) for each year: 1940, 1941, 1942, 1943, 1944, 1945, 1946, 1947, 1948, and 1949. This is an excellent and economical way to begin or enlarge a Christmas Seal sheet collection.
Another eample would be the Christmas Seal Collection for 1950-59. The 1950-59 Christmas Seals, ten (10) F-VF, full gum, MNH, full sheets of 100. One (1) sheet for each year: 1950, 1951, 1952, 1953, 1954, 1955, 1956, 1957, 1958, and 1959. This is would also be an excellent and economical way to begin or enlarge a Christmas Seal collection.
Further, another example is with a larger collection from 1932-81. The 1932-81 Christmas Seals, contains fifty (50) F-VF, full gum, MNH, full sheets of 100. One sheet for each year: 1932 to 1981, fifty years of mint Christmas Seals. This is also an excellent and economical way to begin or enlarge a Christmas Seal sheet collection.
The 2009 U.S. Christmas Seals are now listed in our store. Currently, we are offering two sheet varieties.
The 2009-1x1, U.S. 2009 Christmas Seals, Sheet of 64, VF, MNH. Issued 2009, sheet of 64 (8x8) without gift tags, margin on 4 sides, "Fighting for Air" in the bottom margin. Dated 2009 with "R10-CSCS-4-01 in bottom margin. Seal size: 17x24mm.
History of Christmas Seals on the reverse of sheet.
And, the 2009-1x3, U.S. Christmas Seals, Sheet of 64, VF, MNH. Issued 2009, sheet of 64 (2x8) + (3x8) + (3x8) without gift tags, margin on 4 sides, "Fighting for Air." Horizontal gutters between 2nd & 3rd, and 5th & 6th rows. Dated 2009 with "R10-FU1S-4-01 in top margin. Seal size: 17x24mm.
History of Christmas Seals on the reverse of sheet.
Portrait Christmas Seals have pictures of people famous in the fight against Tuberculosis, and other lung diseases. They were issued in 1938 and 1946. (Green's v1, p7)
The 1938 Portrait Seals were located in the four corners of the sheets and were different than the other ninety-six seals. The four portrait seals contained the images and names of four men active in furthering the work to eliminate TB.
Seal #1 shows an image of Dr. Rene Laennec of France, who in 1816 invented the stethoscope.
Seal #10 shows an image of Dr. Robert Koch of Germany, who in 1882 proved TB to be a germ born disease.
Seal #91 shows an image of Dr. Edward L. Trudeau of New York, who in 1885 established the first Umnited States TB sanatorium at Saranac Lake, New York.
Seal # 100 shows an image of Einar Holbell, the Danish postal clerk who in 1904 started the sale of Christmas Seals in Denmark.
The 1946 Portrait Christmas Seals were located in the center of the sheet. There were four portrait seals, and ninety-six normal seals in a sheet. The four portarit seals contained images of the people considered responsible for the sale of the first Christmas Seal in 1907.
Seal #45 - Jacob Riis, who first called attention to the 1904 Danish Christmas Seal and urged that the U.S. adopt the idea to raise funds to fight TB.
Recently I was asked to explain what Printer's Marks were, and where they could be found on a sheet of Christmas Seals.
Printer's Marks were first used in 1926. Because of the similarity of the seals, they were used by the National Tuberculosis Association to identify the printer. From 1926 through 1935, there were various marks utilized to identify the various printers (this will be covered in a future blog).
From 1936 to 1974 each printer used a letter to identify the sheets of seals which they had printed. This letter was usually placed on seal #56. From 1975 onward, where used, the Printer's Mark was usually located near the center of the sheet. An excellent source to determine the location of the printer's marks is Green's Catalog, Part 1, U.S. National Christmas Seals, and The Christmas Seal Catalog. Both are published by the CS&CSS, and available in our store.
For example, in 1951, Christmas Seals were printed by five different printers. The Printer's Mark (pm) used to identify the printers was located on seal #56. The Printer's Mark was a tiny black letter (E, S, D, U, and F).
It should be noted that a Printer's Mark only identifies a sheet of seals, not individual seals, unless the mark appears on the seal.
Printer's Marks are one of the ways that Christmas Seals are collected. Many collectors collect full sheets of Christmas Seals, doing so by the Printer's Mark. A much more difficult way to collect by Printer's Marks would be to collect single stamps, or blocks, containing the Printer's Mark.
As you may have noticed, we do identify the sheets of Christmas Seals that we offer, by their Printer's Mark (pm). If you wish to collect single seals, or blocks of seals, with Printer's Marks, contact me.
Imperforate seals or sheets have no perforations or rouletting at all. Imperforate seals or sheets were often proofs and essays.
Proofs are trial impressions of the design, but differ in color, perforation, sheet format, paper, etc. from the issued seal. Essays are trial proofs which are different from the accepted design. (Green v1, p7)